Language policy and the status of Russian in the Soviet Union and the successor states outside the Russian Federation

by Ayşe Pamir Dietrich

The Bolshevik policy towards the minority nationalities after the Revolution, korenizatsiia (nativization), was designed to unite all the nations of the USSR into a single socialist community with a uniform national culture. One aspect of this was the language policy, implemented by Narkomnats, established in 1917 to serve as an intermediary between the central Soviet organs and address such problems as standardizing each local language, spreading it as the common language of communication within the population, changing the lexicon to meet the needs of a modern industrial society, increasing literacy and creating new alphabets.

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